Wo Liegt Aragon Weitere Reiseinfos über Aragonien
ist dieses Wappen belegt, nach dessen Ehe mit Königin Petronella, und zum Wappen der Krone Aragons avanciert. Von den früheren Königen von Aragon ist. Der Inhalt ist verfügbar unter CC BY-SA , sofern nicht anders angegeben. Wo liegen die schönsten Ziele? Auf der interaktiven Karte finden Sie Tipps zu den schönsten Städten und Reisezielen in Aragón. Eine Aragón. Die spanische Inquisition ist schon lange vorbei. Wie sehr das Christentum mit Spanien und vor allem Aragonien verwurzelt ist zeigen viele Kirchenbauten. Die. Aragonien liegt im Nordosten Spaniens. Die Autonome Gemeinschaft grenzt an die Pyrenäen und Frankreich, im Osten an Katalonien, im Südosten an Valencia.
Die spanische Inquisition ist schon lange vorbei. Wie sehr das Christentum mit Spanien und vor allem Aragonien verwurzelt ist zeigen viele Kirchenbauten. Die. Aragon oder Aragonien ist eine autonome Gemeinschaft und entspricht dem Die Costa del Azahar liegt zwischen der Costa Daurada im Norden und der. Der Inhalt ist verfügbar unter CC BY-SA , sofern nicht anders angegeben. Aragon oder Aragonien ist eine autonome Gemeinschaft und entspricht dem Die Costa del Azahar liegt zwischen der Costa Daurada im Norden und der. Diese Region, die mit den Pyrenäen an Frankreich grenzt, ist nicht zuletzt durch ihre wunderschönen Berglandschaften mit Gletscherseen und Naturparks, wo. Wo ist Aragon relativ zu anderen Orten? Top 10 Städte in Aragon und Entfernung von Aragon. Stadt, #, Bevölkerung, km, meilen. Zaragoza, 1. Die Region Bajo Aragón befindet sich im Nordosten der Teruel Provinz, km Die Pilotregion Bajo Aragón liegt im Ebro -Tal im Osten Aragoniens.
According to Aragonese law , the monarch had to swear allegiance to the Kingdom's laws before being accepted as king. Like other Pyrenean and Basque realms, the Aragonese justice and decision making system was based on Pyrenean consuetudinary law , the King was considered primus inter pares 'first among equals' within the nobility.
The subsequent legend made the Aragonese monarchy eligible and created a phrase of coronation of the king that would be perpetuated for centuries:.
We, who are worth as much as you we make you our King and Lord, as long as you keep our fueros and liberties, and if not, not.
This situation would be repeated in the Commitment of Caspe , which avoids a war that had dismembered the Crown of Aragon when a good handful of aspirants to the throne emerged after the death of Martin of Aragon a year after the death of his first-born, Martin I of Sicily.
Aragon is already a large-scale political entity: the Crown, the Cortes , the Deputation of the Kingdom and the Foral Law constitute its nature and its character.
The Early Modern Age was marked by increasing tension between the power of the Spanish Monarchy and those of the regions. The appointment of a Castilian as Viceroy in , contrary to the agreement all Royal officials be Aragonese caused widespread unrest; when the Madrid authorities attempted to arrest the Aragonese writer and politician Antonio Perez in May , it caused street violence in Zaragossa and a revolt known as the Alterations of Aragon.
Philip then ordered a reduction in the proportion of taxes retained by the Generality of Aragon to lessen their capacity to raise an army against him.
The decay of independent institutions meant political activity focused instead on the preservation of Aragonese history, culture and art.
The Archive of the Kingdom of Aragon preserved legal documents and records from the Justiciar and the Palace of Deputation or Parliament, unfortunately largely destroyed by the French in the battles of Much of the work produced by Aragonese writers challenged Philip II's version of events and were censored by the central government.
In retaliation, the Generality of Aragon ordered the work of Castilian historian Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas to be burned and commissioned Vicencio Blasco de Lanuza to write an alternative.
His 'History of Aragon' was published in two volumes, and respectively; the urgency shows the importance placed on responding to Herrera. War and economic decline inevitably led to increases in taxes, with predictable results; the refusal of the Catalan Cortes to contribute their share of the Union of Arms eventually led to a full-scale revolt in The victory of Philip V accelerated the trend towards greater centralisation; the Nueva Planta decrees of abolished the fueros and Aragonese political structures with their powers transferred to the Deputation of the Kingdom in Madrid; Aragon and Valencia were brought into the system in , Catalonia and Majorca following in Zaragoza was largely destroyed in February during the Second Siege of Zaragoza , bringing a halt to its economic development.
The Constitution proposed a number of reforms, including the creation of provincial territories and dividing Aragon into the four provinces of Calatayud , Teruel , Soria and Guadalajara.
However, these reforms were delayed by Ferdinand VII 's refusal to accept the constitution and finally implemented in during the Trienio Liberal.
When Ferdinand was restored by French Bourbon forces in , he abolished the Constitution along with the provincial reforms. When he died in , the provincial division of divided Aragon into its current three provinces.
Throughout the 19th century, Aragon was a stronghold of the Carlists , who offered to restore the fueros and other rights associated with the former Kingdom of Aragon.
This period saw a massive exodus from the countryside into the larger cities of Aragon such as Huesca , Zaragoza , Teruel or Calatayud and other nearby regions, such as Catalonia or Madrid.
The history of Aragon in the first half of the 20th century was similar to that of the rest of Spain; the building of infrastructure and reforms made by Miguel Primo de Rivera led to a brief economic boom, with new civil and individual liberties during the Second Spanish Republic.
In June , a draft Statute of Autonomy of Aragon was presented to the Cortes Generales but the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War prevented the development of this autonomist project.
During the — civil war, Aragon was divided between the two sides. Some of the most important battles were fought in or near Aragon, including Belchite , Teruel and Ebro.
After the defeat of the Republic in April , Aragon and the rest of Spain was governed by the Francoist dictatorship. Especially during the s, there were large migrations, with a depopulation of the rural areas, towards the industrial areas like the provincial capitals, other areas of Spain, and other European countries.
In , one of the so-called Development Poles was created in Zaragoza. In 's, the old town of Mequinenza was demolished almost completely due to the construction of the Ribarroja reservoir.
The inhabitants of Mequinenza had to leave their homes to move to the new town on the banks of the River Segre. A part of the inhabitants left for more industrial areas such as Barcelona or Zaragoza or even abroad to continue working in mining industries.
By the end of all population had already abandoned the Old Town of Mequinenza and was living in the new town. In the s a period of transition as in the rest of the Country was experienced, after the extinction of the previous regime, with the recovery of democratic normality and the creation of a new constitutional framework.
It began to demand an own political autonomy, for the Aragonese historical territory; sentiment that was reflected in the historic manifestation of April 23 of that brought together more than aragoneses through the streets of Zaragoza.
Not having plebiscited, in the past, affirmatively a draft Statute of autonomy second transitory provision of the constitution and not making use of the difficult access to autonomy by Article whose aggravated procedure required, apart from the initiative of the process autonomic follow the steps of article , which was ratified by three quarters of the municipalities of each of the affected provinces that represent at least the majority of the electoral census, and that this initiative was approved by referendum by the affirmative vote of the majority absolute of the electors of each province, Aragon acceded to the self-government by the slow way of article obtaining lower competence top, and less self-management of resources, during more than 20 years.
Again, a small statutory reform in the year extended the competence framework, forcing a definitive comprehensive review for several years, a new statutory text was approved in , by majority but without reaching total unanimity.
In the s the Aragonese society increases a significant qualitative step in the quality of life due to the economic progress of the State at all levels.
At the beginning of the 21st century, a significant increase in infrastructures was established, such as the arrival of the High Speed Train AVE , the construction of the new dual carriageway Somport-Sagunto and the promotion of the two airports in the Autonomous Community, Zaragoza and Huesca-Pirineos.
At the same time, large technological projects are being undertaken, such as the Walqa Technology Park and the implementation of a telematic network throughout the community.
In the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon was reformed again -which was approved by a broad consensus in the Aragonese Corts, having the support of the PSOE , the PP , the PAR and the IU , whereas CHA abstained- granting the Autonomous Community the recognition of historical nationality since the Organic Law of reform of the statute, it had the condition of nationality  , includes a new title on the Administration of Chustizia and another on the rights and duties of the Aragoneses and guiding principles of public policies, the possibility of creating an own tax agency in collaboration with that of the State, and also the obligation to public authorities to ensure to avoid transfers from watersheds such as transfer of the Ebro , among many other modifications of the Statute of Autonomy.
The designation of Zaragoza as the venue for the International Exhibition , whose thematic axis was Water and Sustainable development , represented a series of changes and accelerated growth for the autonomous community.
In addition, two anniversaries were celebrated that same year, the bicentennial of Sieges of Zaragoza of the War of Independence against the Napoleonic invasion, occurred in and the centenary of the Hispano-French Exposition of that it supposed as a modern event, to demonstrate the cultural and economic thrust of Aragon and at the same time serve to strengthen ties and staunch wounds with the French neighbors after the events of the Napoleonic Wars of the previous century.
As of [update] , half of Aragon's population, Huesca is the only other city in the region with a population greater than 50 The majority of Aragonese citizens, The most densely populated areas are around the valley of the river Ebro , particularly around Zaragoza, and in the Pyrenean foothills, while the areas with the fewest inhabitants tend to be those that are higher up in the Pyrenean mountains, and in most of the southern province of Teruel.
Only four cities have a population of more than 20 : Zaragoza , Huesca 50 , Teruel 35 , and Calatayud 20 Spanish is the native language in most of Aragon, and it is the only official language, understood and spoken by virtually everyone in the region.
In addition to it, the Aragonese language continues to be spoken in several local varieties in the mountainous northern counties of the Pyrenees , particularly in western Ribagorza , Sobrarbe , Jacetania and Somontano ; it is enjoying a resurgence of popularity as a tool for regional identity.
The strip-shaped Catalan-speaking area in Aragon is often called La Franja. Following the declaration, and complying with one of the proposals contained therein, on October 1, , an agreement between the Government of Aragon and the Ministry of Education and Science was implemented for the teaching of the Catalan language as a voluntary and assessable subject in schools in the area.
The Languages Acts of Aragon of and have been passed to try to regulate the languages in this autonomous community. An update of these laws was announced but as of it has not been carried out.
Aragon is divided into three provinces from north to south, named after their capitals: Huesca , Zaragoza and Teruel. The provinces are further divided into 33 comarcas , three of which are in more than one province.
There are a total of municipalities in the region. The traditional dance of Aragon is known as jota and is one of the faster Spanish dances.
It is also the most widespread in Aragon and the exact style and music depend on the area. The music to one local dance, "The Dance of Majordomos" of Benasque , was so enjoyed by Rafael del Riego on a visit to the town that he ordered it to be copied resulting in the "Hymn of Riego".
Some instruments have been lost, such as the "trompa de Ribagorza", although there have been efforts to reconstruct them. In Aragonese mythology the bear carried souls between the world of the living and the world of the dead.
Trangas dance with young females named "madamas" symbolising "purity" and wearing colourful dresses. With its lush Pyrenean pastures, lamb, beef, and dairy products are, not surprisingly, predominant in Aragonese cuisine.
Aragon is among the richest autonomous regions in Spain, with GDP per capita above the nation's average. The Gross domestic product GDP of the autonomous community was The traditional agriculture-based economy from the midth century has been greatly transformed in the past several decades and now service and industrial sectors are the backbone of the economy in the region.
The well-developed irrigation system around the Ebro has greatly supported the productive agriculture. The most important crops include wheat , barley , rye , fruit and grapes.
Livestock-breeding is essential especially in the northern areas, where the lush meadows provide excellent conditions for sheep and cattle.
The main livestock are cattle , ; sheep , 2 ; pigs , 3 ; goats , 78 ; and poultry , 20 The chief industrial centre is the capital Zaragoza, where the largest factories are located.
The largest plant is the Opel automotive plant with 8 employees and production of per year. It supports many related industries in the area.
Other large plants in the city include factories for trains and household appliances. Mining of iron ore and coal is developed to the south, near Ojos Negros.
The main centres of electronics industry are Zaragoza, Huesca and Benabarre. The transport infrastructure has been greatly improved.
There are more than [data missing] of motorways which run from Zaragoza to Madrid , Teruel, Basque country, Huesca and Barcelona.
The condition of the other roads is also good. As of [update] there are cars in Aragon. The unemployment rate stood at Chunta Aragonesista had a seat in Spain's national Congress of Deputies from to , while the centrist Aragonese Party has three national senators, who are in coalition with the ruling People's Party.
In a regional government survey, Aragon in the Middle Ages was the hub of the wider Crown of Aragon. The Crown was represented in the region from by a viceroy.
However, until the Nueva Planta decrees of , Aragon maintained its own separate laws and institutions.
The law which established the CARTV Aragon Corporation Radio and Television dated from , but various political disputes delayed the project for several legislatures.
During the years that Aragon had no public television, several media groups sought to supplement their absence. As for private groups, there were several projects.
This channel was created in and disappeared in shortly after having to leave the Media Production Centre CPA , as this was built by the DGA for future public television host Aragon.
Aragon Radio, began broadcasting on 18 August at 5 p. Estimates of its audience range from 20 listeners, according to the latest EMG, to 70 , according to private findings.
The channel has regional news bulletins every hour from 7 a. Currently, SD Huesca is the best team in Aragon. However, historically, Aragon's most successful football club is Real Zaragoza.
The club was founded in and spent 58 seasons in First DIvision, having played at its current ground, La Romareda , since There are plenty of smaller clubs in the region, like CD Teruel.
It is home to the Aragon motorcycle Grand Prix. The current coat of arms of Aragon is composed of the four barracks and is attested for the first time in , consolidating since the Early Modern Ages to take root decisively in the 19th century and be approved, according to precept, by the Real Academia de la Historia in This emblem of gules and gold was used in seals, banners, shields and standards indistinctly, not being but a familiar emblem that later denoted the authority as King of Aragon until, with the birth of Modern State , began to be a territorial symbol.
The current flag was approved in , with the provisions of Article 3 of the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon , the flag is the traditional of the four horizontal red bars on a yellow background with the coat of arms of Aragon shifted towards the flagpole.
The bars of Aragon , common historic element of the current four autonomous communities that once were integrated into the Crown of Aragon , present in the third quartering of the coat of arms of Spain.
It appears in Article 3 of the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon since Teruel Cathedral in Teruel. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Aragon disambiguation. Autonomous community of Spain. Autonomous community in Spain.
Autonomous community. Coat of arms. Main page: Category: History of Aragon. See also: Hispania. See also: Kingdom of Aragon and Crown of Aragon.
See also: Music of Aragon. Main article: Aragonese cuisine. Puerta Baja gate in Daroca. Aereal view of Mequinenza. Spain portal. Archived from the original on 28 March Am Das Autonomiestatut wurde mehrfach reformiert.
Vor den Wahlen hatte die PAR beschlossen, nicht in die Regierung einzutreten, wenn sie nicht mindestens acht Abgeordnetenmandate erringen würde, was nicht geschah lediglich sieben Sitze.
Euro beziehungsweise bei Die Exporte Aragoniens ins Ausland beliefen sich auf etwa 8,5 Mrd. Wichtigster Handelspartner war Deutschland und, aufgrund des in Figeruelas gelegenen Opel-Werks und der darum gelegenen Zulieferindustrie waren Autos und Autoteile das wichtigste Exportgut.
Mit einem Wert von 0, erreicht Aragonien Platz 6 unter den 17 autonomen Gemeinschaften Spaniens im Index der menschlichen Entwicklung.
Im Jahr zog Aragonien etwa 2,7 Mio. Besucher an. Der fehlende Zugang zum Meer macht die Provinz für ausländische Touristen zwar etwas weniger interessant als klassische Urlaubsziele in Spanien, dennoch gibt es auch hier interessante Ziele.
Insgesamt gibt es in den aragonischen Pyrenäen vier Naturparks und einen Nationalpark, den Nationalpark Ordesa y Monte Perdido und Aragonien zählt auch zu den wenigen spanischen Provinzen, wo Wildwassersportarten wie Kajaking möglich sind.
Jenseits der Berge sind mittelalterliche Klöster für Touristen sehenswert, die oftmals auch über angeschlossene Weingüter verfügen und entsprechende Weinverkostungen anbieten.
Oktober stattfindet. Weiterhin von Bedeutung ist das Stadtfest von Teruel, das in einer der ersten beiden Juliwochen stattfindet.
Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der heutigen autonomen Gemeinschaft. Für die mittelalterliche Staatsgemeinschaft im weiteren Sinne siehe Krone von Aragonien , zu weiteren Begriffen siehe Aragon.
Siehe auch : Liste von Bergen in den Pyrenäen. Siehe auch : Liste der Comarcas von Aragonien. Autonome Gemeinschaften Spaniens.
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Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage. Hauptstadt :. Januar . Bevölkerungsdichte :. Spanisch , regional auch Aragonesisch und Katalanisch.
Präsident :. Vertretung in den Cortes Generales :. Kongress : 13 Sitze Senat : 14 Sitze. Gliederung :. Saragossa span. Zaragoza Santiago Marraco Solana.